The Frontier Institute for Research in Science and Technology of 2D materials (FIRST-2D)

FIRST-2D is an international institute of eminent scientists working in the area of atomically-thin, layered, and 2D materials. The aim of FIRST-2D is to support and attract pioneers and visionaries working in the area of synthesis of these materials, fabrication of their new architectures and devices, state-of-the-art characterizations, new experimental and theoretical discoveries, and applications in electronic, optoelectronics, sensing, detection, actuation, energy and bio-interfaced research. Within its broader vision, FIRST-2D also supports and promotes research in other advanced new generations of electronic materials such as Topological insulators and perovskites-based photovoltaics.

Research in atomically-thin materials, weakly-coupled layered solids, and artificially synthesized van der Waals solids provides enormous new opportunities for fundamental and applied sciences. Due to their strong spin-orbit coupling effects, certain layered systems also demonstrate a range of exciting topologically-driven new physics, such as spin-momentum-locked transport and topological spin-Hall, valley Hall and quantum Hall effects. Some examples of such systems include:

•Elemental 2D sheets: Graphene, silicene, borophene, phosphorene, and stanene

•Binary metal-oxides and metal-chalcogenides: MoO2, MoS2, WSe2, Bi2Se3, InSe, MnO2

•Complex systems: Bi2SrTa2O9, Cu2Br(IN)2, CuInSe and MXenes

•2D alloys, in-plane and vertical hybrids, heterojunctions and heterocrystals

Synthesis of artificially stacked or naturally grown hybrid/heterostructures and intercalated architectures of these materials result in unprecedented and exquisite scientific and engineering outcomes, ranging from the formation of superlattices with intriguing quantum effects, new artificial van dear Waals solids, ultra-thin photovoltaic cells and band-to-band tunneling transistors.

The institute provides a collaborative platform for experts in the area of 2D materials as well as other advanced electronic materials. Its aim will be to foster latest and most impactful developments that enable researchers to receive a deeper understanding of how these fields are evolving, where the biggest challenges lie, and what the future outlooks are.

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